Expelling people alien to race and ethnicity, and then settling lands with carefully selected German population, was one of targets of German occupier’s policy to be carried out on grounds incorporated into Reich. Enforced evictions of Polish people and displacements of Germans living outside the Reich after 1st World War made tool for execution of that policy. Also, the displacement action, aimed at execution of Germanization guidelines on the Polish lands incorporated into the Reich, was to remove social strata politically hostile to the German country - to result in total break-up of Polish political parties and associations, hence – in limitation of future independence activities. According to the guidelines introduced in first years of World War II, Polish people displaced from Pomerania region were sent to areas of German-occupied Poland or to forced labour camps in the Reich.
Displacements of Polish Gdynia inhabitants to the German-occupied Poland are subject of this elaboration – presented in a broad historical background of events related to establishment of the city, its existence in interwar times, defence of Gdynia in 1939, introduction of German occupational administration and selected manifestations of repressions imposed on the Gdynia population. Years 1926-1945, i.e. period between establishment of the city and end of the World War II, make chronological framework of the elaboration.
Plans and extents of the displacements, organization and methods of their execution, confiscations of properties, conditions in which the expelled people used to be transported to the German-occupied Poland and their living conditions after the displacements are covered in the book. Epilogue, presenting the displacements of the Polish civil Gdynia inhabitants in context of international legislation, closes the elaboration. However, it should be stressed here that most expelled people managed to reach their previous places of residence located in areas incorporated into the Reich. Therefore, thematic scope of the book also covers issues regarding living conditions of the displaced Gdynia inhabitants on the areas seized by the Reich.
Files of catalogue number S 22/00/Zn, regarding investigation carried out by Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation in Gdańsk and focused on displacements of Polish people from Gdynia to the German-occupied Poland, make majority of materials described in the book. The proceedings were initiated with a decision of 28 December, 2000 and are still being held. Special attention should be stressed on numerous examinations of witnesses, reports and memoirs of the displaced persons who – because of suddenness and brutality of those events – keep retaining vivid pictures in memories. Apart from very many facts, the testifying people also revealed various methods of treatment applied on the Polish Gdynia inhabitants by the German occupiers, i.e. arrests, single and mass death executions in Woods of Piaśnica and Szpęgawsk or deportations to concentration camps.